Sunday, February 19, 2012
Lessons from a nursing degree course
My daughter has decided to undertake a three year nursing degree course. Last week I attended an introductory night for parents and family of those undertaking the degree to learn about what it will involve for the students.
I was curious to learn about the course but came away very impressed with the evening thinking schools might have a lot to learn from those who have designed the course. Evidently it is a newly designed course and differs considerably from earlier years.
The main difference will be the amount of time the student nurses will spend doing practical work in hospital wards. Last year students only visited the hospital towards the end of the first year.
Along with those training to be teachers it seems nursing had become more theoretical and academic and so the realisation that nurses need to link their studies to the reality of nursing from the start is a good move. Once , I believe, nursing training was even based at the hospitals.
The second aspect that caught my attention was that, rather than doing stand alone courses in the various aspects of nursing ( comparable to the subject areas in a secondary school), such aspects, such as cultural studies, would be infused the into contextual studies. To me that seemed very sensible.
The various tutors then explained their specialist roles in the programme.
During a break for nibbles and a drink and a time to look around the facilities students were asked to write any questions they had on a whiteboards for tutors to answer - which several did. Other than clarifying various queries the main point the tutors made was for students never to leave any session with an unanswered question on their mind - that questioning was a vitally important aspect of learning. Students also learned that specialist areas of learning would be personalised to their needs as much as possible but that all would cover basic core content.
It was also reinforced that students would need the support of their families to gain success and that as family members we should do our best to support them.
The most impressive part of the introductory meeting , and the one school could learn the most from is how the tutor/mentor groups were formed.
Tutors stood up and then the students straight from secondary schools were asked to share themselves equally with the tutors. Then those with other degrees were asked to do the same, along with older students coming back to beginning a career and, finally, younger students who had done a preliminary year completing a course on general study skills.
The tutors explained that the reason for this heterogeneous grouping had important and well researched benefits. Such groups, it was said, learn better by interacting with the range of members than if they were grouped by similarities.
Educational research into secondary schools ability grouping reinforces this point. Research studied the achievement gap between those using traditional ability grouping/tracking/streaming with students taught in mixed ability groups. Research showed that ability grouping widens the achievement gap.
Unfortunately schools seem to be moving away from such insights due to the pressure to ensure achievement.
Primary schools have long practiced ability grouping in literacy and numeracy and some now are returning to setting children across classes. All this does is make teaching easier for the teachers but at a cost for learners in the groups with lesser ability - which research shows is more linked to student socio-economic background and cultural differences. This creates what some call the 'Mathew Effect' - 'the rich get richer and the poor get poorer' - in schools lower ability groups learn less and develop a negative attitude towards learning
The main problem with such ability grouping, along with fragmented subject teaching, is that the natural links between learning areas are lost that are present in contextual learning. Another concern is that ability grouped students are not able to make use of the expertise or experience of others. Even helping peers who don't quite understand is of benefit to the helping students.
So it seems to me that the training nurses were to get several benefits
A greater emphasis on reality based learning.
The importance of family support.
Traditional learning areas, in the past taught separately, were now to be integrated by means of authentic contexts -and personalised where possible to suit individual students.
Students working in undifferentiated groups are able to learn from each other rather than being limited to those of similar ability or experience.
A lucky group of students.
Lots of lessons for fragmented secondary schools and ability ridden primary schools.